International Program Publications EDO NSW

International publications

We seek to empower communities in the South Pacific in building capacity to use the law to protect their environment.

Plastics in the Pacific

Next to climate change, plastics arguably represent the greatest environmental threat facing the planet today. In response, EDO NSW has worked with the Secretariat of the Pacific Regional Environment Programme (SPREP) and with EDO ACT to produce a guide for policymakers and legislative drafters on regulating plastics in Pacific Island countries. This guide contains the policy foundations and high level policy settings for key areas of plastics regulation, including their production, use and disposal.

The key priority areas for plastics regulations covered are:
1. Single-use plastic products 
2. Microplastics in personal care products 
3. Marine plastic pollution: Garbage from ships and dumping at sea 
4. Container deposit schemes 
5. Visitor environmental levies 
6. Statutory environment funds 

Overall, it is hoped that this guide assists PICs to build on existing laws and institutions to protect their environments, economies and societies from plastic pollution, improve waste management and recovery and find alternative and practical solutions to avoidable plastic use.

Download the guide: Regulating Plastics in Pacific Islands Countries

Interactive Governance Analysis of the Beche-De-Mer `Fish Chain' from Papua New Guinea to Asian Markets

Tropical sea cucumber, called bêche-de-mer in its dried form, is a luxury seafood. The Papua New Guinea (PNG) Government banned exports and closed the fishery in 2009 due to overfishing. It is preparing to re-open the fishery in 2017 under a new sea cucumber fishery Management Plan.

This study, led by Associate Professor Kate Barclay at the University of Technology Sydney, conducted a governance analysis that will help the PNG Government and stakeholders ensure the effectiveness of the new Management Plan.

EDO NSW drafted the legal analysis for the governance section of the report, and provided general legal and policy analysis into the project.

All the project publications can be viewed at the UTS website.

Community Protocols for Environmental Sustainability

Community Protocols for Environmental Sustainability is a publication produced jointly by EDO NSW, and the Division of Environmental Law and Conventions of the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP-DELC).

This guide has been written to help policymakers and other stakeholders understand what community protocols are, why they are important, and how they can support their development and recognition within formal environmental legal and policy frameworks. It is also written for all interested in learning about community protocols, including: indigenous peoples and their communities and other local communities (ILCs), non-governmental organisations (NGOs), researchers, industry, and those working in government at the local, national and international levels.

Community protocols are an emerging concept in international environmental law and policy. The term encompasses a broad range of practices and procedures, both written and unwritten, developed by ILCs in relation to their traditional knowledge (TK), territories, and natural and other resources. These practices and procedures cover a range of matters, including how ILCs expect external actors to engage with them.

Protected Areas Toolkit

The toolkit is intended to assist communities in Solomon Islands to create protected areas under the Protected Areas Act 2010 by providing:

  • information about the protected areas regime in Solomon Islands;
  • a step-by-step guide of how to prepare an application; and
  • a series of templates that can be used to prepare an application.

Legal Capacity-Building for Conservation in the Pacific

EDO NSW's engagement in the Pacific is based on our recognition of the immense significance of Pacific ecosystems at both local and global levels, and a corresponding concern at the increasing threats to those ecosystems. Terrestrial, coastal and marine environments play crucial social, economic and environmental roles at local and national levels in the Pacific, and are acknowledged globally for their high degree of ecosystem and species diversity and extraordinary level of endemicity. However, the capacity of these ecosystems is increasingly being tested. Deforestation, over-fishing, rapid population growth and climate change pose serious challenges for the future of the region.

REDD: A Guide for Landowners and Forest Communities in the Pacific

This booklet is designed to help landowners and forest communities in the Pacific region that are thinking about participating in projects for ‘reducing emissions from deforestation and forest degradation’ (‘REDD’). REDD projects aim to stop the clearing of tropical forests (‘deforestation’) that occurs as a result of logging, agriculture, plantations or other land-use changes, such as mining. It also aims to reduce the ‘degradation’ of tropical forests, which occurs when the amount of living plant material in a forest is reduced, or the forest is damaged. Forest degradation can occur in a variety of ways, including cutting down certain types of trees in a forest, removing trees to make roads, or by clearing small plots for growing food crops. The main aim of REDD is to help fight global climate change.

The goal of this booklet is to:

• provide an introduction to the idea of REDD;
• explain the main concepts and practical issues so that you can understand what REDD projects are all about; and
• explain some important legal issues and rights that you should think about if your community is interested in being involved in a REDD project.